The Seeds of the New Testament Collection Are in the New Testament Writings

This is a subsidiary post of The Formation of the New Testament…from Beginning to End.

Although the New Testament writings display no consciousness of the New Testament as we understand it (i.e. a collection of 27 books paired with and made a part of the Scriptures of ancient Israel), we can find within them the seeds of what would become the New Testament we have.  That is, the New Testament church may not have had the New Testament, but within those pages we can see that the kernal or embryonic form of the New Testament was present.

Reference to apostolic writings as authoritative
(just as were the apostles’ oral proclamations) 

1 Corinthians 14:37

1 Thessalonians 2:13

2 Thessalonians 2:15

2 Thessalonians 3:14

Apostolic Writings as Scripture

Paul in 1 Timothy 5:18 quotes Luke 10:7, calling it “Scripture.”

Peter in 2 Peter 3:15-16 speaks of Paul’s letters as among the “Scriptures.”

The Call to Read Apostolic Material in Church Gatherings
(as was already the case with Moses and the Prophets)

Matthew 24:15

Mark 13:14

Colossians 4:16

1 Thessalonians 5:27

The Prophet-Apostle Pairing

Ephesians 2:20

2 Peter 3:2

Bipartite Scriptures

2 Timothy 4:13 (see Moule in “Sources” below)

The Nomenclature of “Old Testament” and “New Testament”

2 Corinthians 3:14

Multiple Gospels

Luke 1:1-4


Moule, C. F. D. (1908-2007).  The Birth of the New Testament, 3rd edition, (Black’s New Testament Commentaries).  Adam and Charles Black, 1981 (1966, 1961), 382 pages.  See p. 240 for this:

[T]he biblia [in 2 Timothy 4:13] might be the Jewish Scriptures (albeit probably in Greek translation) and the membranae the apostle’s own writings (perhaps notes or records) – almost, one might say, the unconscious beginnings of Christian Scripture.


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